Molecule synthesis methods overview for human immortality biotech (part 2)
Etherification, in organic chemistry, is the process of making an ether, especially the removal of alcohols from petroleum products by reacting with sulfuric acid.
Ether, in organic chemistry, is any of a class of organic compounds containing an oxygen atom bonded to two hydrocarbon groups. Ether, in organic chemistry, also is diethyl ether (C4H10O), an organic compound with a sweet odour used in the past as an anaesthetic.
Petroleum is a flammable liquid ranging in color from clear to very dark brown and black, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons, occurring naturally in deposits under the Earth’s surface.
Hydrocarbon is a compound consisting only of carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Sulfuric acid, in inorganic chemistry, is a transparent, oily liquid, formula H2SO4, that is a strong acid with very many industrial applications.
Nitrile, in organic chemistry, is any of a class of organic compounds containing a cyano functional group -C≡N; they are named as derivatives of the appropriate carboxylic acid. Nitrile also is a type of synthetic rubber formed by the copolymerisation of acrylonitrile and butadiene.
Cyano, in chemistry, especially in combination, is a univalent functional group, -CN, consisting of a carbon and a nitrogen atom joined with a triple bond; organic compounds containing a cyano group are nitriles.
Ketene, in organic chemistry, is any of a class of unsaturated ketones, having a general formula R1R2C=C=O, that react as if they were inner acid anhydrides. Ketene, in organic chemistry, is the parent compound of this class, CH2=C=O, an unstable, reactive colourless gas
Unsaturated, in chemistry, of a solution, means not saturated; capable of dissolving more of a solute at the same temperature. Unsaturated, in chemistry, means of a compound containing atoms sharing more than one valence bond, especially of an organic compound having one or more double bonds or triple bonds between carbon atoms.
Saturated, in chemistry, means having all available valence bonds filled; especially of any organic compound containing only single bonds between carbon atoms.
Valence, in chemistry, means the combining capacity of an atom, radical or functional group determined by the number of electrons that it will lose, gain, or share when it combines with other atoms etc. Valence, in chemistry, means the number of binding sites of a molecule, such as an antibody or antigen.
Single bond, in chemistry, is a covalent bond in which one electron pair is shared between two atoms.
Electron pair, in chemistry and physics, is two electrons having opposite spin but all other quantum numbers the same; i.e two electrons in the same atomic orbital or molecular orbital, especially such electrons that function in concert to form a covalent bond.
Spin, in physics, is a quantum angular momentum associated with subatomic particles, which also creates a magnetic moment.
Magnetic moment, in physics, is the torque exerted on a magnet within a magnetic field; a vector, being the product of the strength of the magnet and the distance between its poles.
Torque, in physics mechanics, is a rotational or twisting effect of a force; a moment of force, defined for measurement purposes as an equivalent straight line force multiplied by the distance from the axis of rotation (SI unit newton metre or Nm; imperial unit pound-foot or lb·ft, not to be confused with the foot pound-force, commonly “foot-pound”, a unit of work or energy).
Moment of force, in physics, is the turning effect of a force applied to a rotational system at a distance from the axis of rotation. The moment is equal to the magnitude of the force multiplied by the perpendicular distance between its line of action and the axis of rotation.
Moment, in physics mechanics, is the turning effect of a force applied to a rotational system at a distance from the axis of rotation.
I’ll continue in part 3.
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