How to read chemical structure formula for biotech development (part 1)

As specified in The Future, the book, available at, Robocentric works on developing and marketing biotechnologies in a number of different categories—namely, sensor, scanner, modeler, designer, synthesizer, and replacer biotechnologies.

Since Robocentric Biotech’s ultimate aim is developing and commercializing human immortality biotechnologies—namely human body part and whole human body manufacturing and replacement biotech, and anti-aging human body biotech—Robocentric invests heavily in developing and commercializing biosynthesizer technologies.

A biosynthesizer technology artificially creates or manufactures one or more different types of biomatter, such as biomolecules, cell components, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and entire living and dead biological bodies.

The smallest biophysical matter that a synthesizer biotech can create is biochemicals that are made of a few atoms or tens, hundreds, thousands, or even tens of thousands of atoms in macromolecules.

Developing synthesizer biotechnologies requires knowing biochemistry, especially chemical structures and reactions.

In this audiovisual series, I’ll go over how to read chemical structure formula for biotech development.

I’ll use Wikipedia and Wiktionary as the main references.

The structural formula of a chemical compound is a graphic representation of the molecular structure (determined by structural chemistry methods), showing how the atoms are possibly arranged in the real three-dimensional space. The chemical bonding within the molecule is also shown, either explicitly or implicitly. Unlike other chemical formula types, which have a limited number of symbols and are capable of only limited descriptive power, structural formulas provide a more complete geometric representation of the molecular structure. For example, many chemical compounds exist in different isomeric forms, which have different enantiomeric structures but the same molecular formula.

Isomeric, in chemistry and physics, means being an isomer.

Isomer, in chemistry, means any of two or more compounds with the same molecular formula but with different structure. Isomer, in physics, means any of two or more atomic nuclei with the same mass number and atomic number but with different radioactive properties.

Enantiomeric means of or pertaining to an enantiomer or the relation between enantiomers.

Enantiomer, in chemistry, means one of a pair of stereoisomers that is the mirror image of the other, but may not be superimposed on this other stereoisomer. Almost always, a pair of enantiomers contain at least one chiral center, and a sample of either enantiomer will be optically active.

Stereoisomer, in chemistry, is one of a set of the isomers of a compound that exhibits stereoisomerism.

Stereoisomerism, in chemistry, is a form of isomerism in which atoms are arranged differently about a chiral centre (or centre of asymmetry). They exhibit optical activity, and in a molecule with a single chiral centre the two isomers (enantiomers) are mirror images of each other whereas in a molecule with multiple chiral centres the isomers (diastereoisomers) are not normally mirror images.

Isomerism, in chemistry, is the phenomenon of the existence of isomers – the existence of different substances with the same molecular formulae. Isomerism, in chemistry, is the interconversion of isomers. Isomerism, in nuclear physics, is nuclear isomerism, the phenomenon of the existence of nuclear isomers.

A molecular formula, in chemistry, is a notation indicating the number of atoms of each element present in one molecule of a substance.

Interconversion is reciprocal or mutual conversion.

Nuclear isomer, in physics, is any of two or more atomic nuclei with the same mass number and atomic number but with different radioactive properties.

Radioactive means exhibiting radioactivity.

Radioactivity is spontaneous emission of ionizing radiation as a consequence of a nuclear reaction, or directly from the breakdown of an unstable nucleus. Radioactivity is the radiation so emitted; including gamma rays, alpha particles, neutrons, electrons, positrons, etc.

Ionizing radiation is high-energy radiation that is capable of causing ionization in substances through which it passes; also includes high-energy particles.

Ionization, in chemistry and physics, is any process that leads to the dissociation of a neutral atom or molecule into charged particles ions; the state of being ionized.

I’ll continue in part 2.

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Allen Young

The transhumanistic Asian-American man who publicly promotes and advances AI, robotics, human body biotech, and mass-scale outer space tech.