Let’s continue going over the basic knowledge required for developing one or more ultra-low cost biomolecule synthesis technologies—for advancing human immortality biotech, neurotech, and artificial intelligence.
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Eventually, I’ll develop and commercialize simple and complex biomolecule synthesizer biotechnologies—for mass-manufacturing simple biomolecules with a few dozens of atoms and complex macro-biomolecules with tens or hundreds of a thousand atoms such as humongous proteins. I’ll keep on studying the necessary background knowledge for eventually achieving that goal.
Back to reviewing the basic knowledge required for advancing synthesizer biotech.
Digestion is the process, in the gastrointestinal tract, by which food is converted into substances that can be utilized by the body. Digestion, in chemistry, is dissolution of a sample into a solution by means of adding acid and heat.
Amylase, in biochemistry, is any of a class of digestive enzymes, present in saliva and also contributed to the gut by the exocrine pancreas, that break down complex carbohydrates such as starch into simpler sugars such as glucose.
Enzyme, in biochemistry, is a globular protein that catalyses a biological chemical reaction.
Globular means roughly spherical in shape; globe-shaped. Globular means comprising globules.
Globule is a small round particle of substance; a drop.
Catalysis, in chemistry, is the increase of the rate of a chemical reaction, induced by a catalyst.
Catalyst, in chemistry, is a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed in the process.
Chemical reaction, in chemistry, is a process, typically involving the breaking or making of interatomic bonds, in which one or more substances are changed into others.
Interatomic means between atoms.
Saliva, in physiology, is a clear, slightly alkaline liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands, consisting of water, mucin, protein, and enzymes. It moistens the mouth, lubricates ingested food, and begins the breakdown of starches.
Salivary gland, in anatomy, is any of several exocrine glands that produce saliva to break down carbohydrates in food enzymatically.
Exocrine gland, in anatomy, is any of various glands which secrete via a duct, typically into the digestive tract or onto the skin.
Digestive tract is system of organs within multicellular animals which takes in food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste.
Enzymatically means in terms of, or by using, enzymes.
Mucin, in biochemistry, is any of several glycoproteins found in mucus.
Glycoprotein, in biochemistry, is a protein with covalently bonded carbohydrates.
Covalent, in chemistry, means containing or characterized by a covalent bond.
Covalent bond, in chemistry, is a type of chemical bond where two atoms are connected to each other by the sharing of two or more electrons.
Mucus, in physiology, is a slippery secretion from the lining of the mucous membranes.
Secretion is any substance that is secreted by an organism. Secretion is the act of secreting a substance, especially from a gland.
To secrete, in physiology, of organs and glands and etc., is to extract a substance from blood, sap, or similar to produce and emit waste for excretion or for the fulfilling of a physiological function.
Lining is a covering for the inside surface of something. Lining is the material used for such a covering. Lining is the act of attaching such a covering.
Mucous membrane, in anatomy, is a membrane which secretes mucus. It forms the lining of various body passages that communicate with the air, such as the respiratory, genitourinary, and alimentary tracts including the mouth, nasal passages, vagina and urethra.
Respiratory means relating to respiration or the organs of respiration; breathing.
I’ll continue in part 8.
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