Let’s continue going over the basic knowledge required for developing one or more ultra-low cost biomolecule synthesis technologies—for advancing human immortality biotech, neurotech, and artificial intelligence.
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Genitourinary, in anatomy, means of, or relating to the genital and urinary systems of the body together with their function, disease etc. Synonyms of genitourinary are urogenital, urinogenital.
Alimentary means of, or relating to food, nutrition or digestion. Alimentary means nourishing; nutritious.
Vagina, in anatomy, is the passage leading from the opening of the vulva to the cervix of the uterus for copulation and childbirth in female mammals.
Urethra, in anatomy, is the tube through which urine exits the body and, in penises, through which semen is ejaculated.
Pancreas, in anatomy, is a gland near the stomach which secretes a fluid into the duodenum to help with food digestion. The fluid contains protease, carbohydrase and lipase, which breaks down larger molecules into smaller pieces. The pancreas also produces the hormones insulin and glucagon which regulate blood sugar. These hormones are released into the cardiovascular system.
Complex means made up of multiple parts; composite; not simple. Complex means not simple, easy, or straightforward; complicated.
Simple means uncomplicated; taken by itself, with nothing added. Simple means without ornamentation; plain.
Maltase, in biochemistry, is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of maltose to glucose; often associated with amylase.
Trehalose, in biochemistry, is a disaccharide formed from two glucose units; it is an isomer of maltose.
Lactose, in biochemistry, is the disaccharide sugar of milk and dairy products, C12H22O11, a product of glucose and galactose used as a food and in medicinal compounds.
Galactose, in biochemistry, is a monosaccharide found, along with lactose, in dairy products, and is synthesized by the body where it is found associated with glycolipids and glycoproteins.
Glycolipid, in biochemistry, is an association of a carbohydrate and a phospholipid, such as phosphatidylinositol, found in cell membranes. Glycolipid, in biochemistry, is a similar compound lacking a phosphate group.
Phospholipid, in organic chemistry, is any lipid, such as lecithin or cephalin, consisting of a diglyceride combined with a phosphate group and a simple organic molecule such as choline or ethanolamine; they are important constituents of biological membranes. Synonym of phospholipid is phosphatide.
Lecithin, in organic chemistry, is the principal phospholipid in animals; it is particularly abundant in egg yolks, and is extracted commercially from soy. It is a major constituent of cell membranes, and is commonly used as a food additive (as an emulsifier).
Emulsifier is a substance that helps an emulsion form, or helps keep an emulsion from separating.
Emulsion is a stable suspension of small droplets of one liquid in another with which it is immiscible. Emulsion, in chemistry, is a colloid in which both phases are liquid.
Immiscible, in physics, means of two or more liquids that are not mutually soluble: unmixable.
Soluble means able to be dissolved.
Colloid means glue-like; gelatinous. Colloid, in chemistry, means a stable system of two phases, one of which is dispersed in the other in the form of very small droplets or particles.
A phase, in physics, means any one point or portion in a recurring series of changes, as in the changes of motion of one of the particles constituting a wave or vibration; one portion of a series of such changes, in distinction from a contrasted portion, as the portion on one side of a position of equilibrium, in contrast with that on the opposite side. A phase, in chemistry, means a component in a material system that is distinguished by chemical composition and/or physical state (solid, liquid or gas) and/or crystal structure. It is delineated from an adjoining phase by an abrupt change in one or more of those conditions. A phase, in genetics, a haplotype.
I’ll continue in part 8.
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